Friday, February 12, 2010

Philippines Cebu 180 police recruits take oath

The Freeman February 13, 2010  CEBU, Philippines - Over a hundred successful police recruits took their oath yesterday morning at the parade grounds of the Police Regional Office-7.

Chief Supt. Lani-O Nerez, director of PRO-7, led the oath-taking at 8 a.m. yesterday of the 180 successful Police Officers 1 who bested over 400 applicants in the 2nd Semester Attrition Recruitment
2009 of the Philippine National Police.

Nerez congratulated the recruits for passing the different stages of the recruitment. He said that there are actually 231 applicants who passed the recruitment but since the quota for the second semester is only 180, the remaining 51 successful recruits will serve as reserves for the organization.  Continue reading here

Tuesday, December 29, 2009

Verzosa announces hiring of 10,000 policemen

Wednesday, 30 December 2009 Manila Times Baguio City: Philippine National Police (PNP) Director Gen. Jesus Verzosa said Tuesday the agency will hire 10,000 rookie policemen and will provide police patrol cars to every police stations nationwide.

He told reporters in Baguio that the hiring of 10,000 policemen plus additional patrol cars will require a budget of at least P2 billion and the PNP and the Department of the Interior and Local Government want to pursue in the next five years. 
Continue reading here

Tuesday, December 8, 2009

Philippines Police operational procedure

This police operational procedure is courtesy of the download area on the Quezon City Police department website. For updated information please see the Philippine National Police website.


Regardless of the type of functions to be performed and/or police operation to be
conducted, all PNP units and personnel shall comply with and apply the following

Each PNP operating units shall maintain an official police blotter where all types
of operational and undercover dispatches shall be recorded containing the five “W”s and
one “H” of an information.

Team Leaders of Local Police Units operating outside their AOR and National
Support Units shall coordinate personally or through an official representative with the
concerned territorial Police Office within whose jurisdiction the operation will be
conducted using the prescribed Coordination Form (ANNEX-A Refer to page xii) prior to
the launching of the operation, except in cases of hot pursuit where the inter-unit
coordination through the written form cannot be made due to the nature and urgency of
the situation. In such case, the Police Unit in pursuit shall endeavor to notify the
territorial unit by any means of appropriate communication at anytime during the hot
pursuit and if not possible, shall accomplish and furnish the territorial Police Unit a
written incident report immediately after the termination of that particular pursuit
Hot Pursuit – (also termed in the US as fresh pursuit) shall mean an immediate,
recent chase or follow-up without material interval for the purpose of taking into custody
any person wanted by virtue of a warrant or one suspected to have committed a recent
offence while fleeing from one police jurisdiction to another, necessitating the pursuing
Police Unit to cross jurisdiction boundaries that will normally require prior official
personal inter-unit coordination but which the pursuing unit cannot at that moment
comply with due to the urgency of the situation.

Generally, all police intervention operations (arrest, raid, search and seizure,
checkpoint, etc) shall be conducted:
a. With a marked police vehicle;
b. Preferably led by a Commissioned Officer;
c. With personnel in proper police uniform

During actual police intervention operations, if feasible, the team leader shall use
all peaceful means, including the use of megaphone or any other similar means, to
influence/warm the offenders/suspects to stop and/or peacefully give up.

The police shall not use warning shots during any police intervention.

The excessive use of force shall be avoided. The use of firearm is justifiable by
virtue of the Doctrines of Self-Defense, Defense of Relative, and Defense of Stranger,
and if the police has probable cause to believe that the suspect poses an imminent danger
of death or serious physical injury to the police or other persons.

During an armed confrontation, the police may use reasonable force to overcome
the threat posed by the suspect. However the Officer-in-Charge of the operation shall at
all times exercise control over his men in the area, and shall ensure that no innocent
civilian is caught in the crossfire.

Moving vehicles may not be fired upon solely to disable them the driver or other
occupant of moving motor vehicle may be fired upon if the police has probable cause to
believe that the suspects pose an imminent danger of death to the police or other persons,
and the use of firearm does not create a danger to the public that outweighs the likely
benefits of its use.

Immediately after an armed confrontation, the Officer-in-Charge shall:
a. Secure the site of confrontation;
b. Check whether the situation still poses imminent danger;
c. Evacuate the wounded to the nearest hospital; and
d. Account for the killed, wounded and arrest persons for proper

The Police Unit which has territorial jurisdiction of area of the armed
confrontation, together with the SOCO team, if any, shall immediately
undertake the necessary investigation and processing of the scene of the
encounter. In cases where there is a slain suspect, it shall submit the
incident for inquest before the duty inquest prosecutor prior to the removal
of the body from the scene, except in areas where there are no inquest
Prosecutors. In which case, the police can proceed with the investigation.

Rule 11 ARREST
All arrests should be made only on the basis of a valid warrant of arrest issued by
a competent authority, except in cases specified under the Doctrine of Citizens Arrest
(Sec. 5, Rule 113, Rules on Criminal Procedure).
Arrest is the actual restraint of the person to be arrested or by his submission to
the custody of the person making the arrest. No violence or unnecessary force shall be
used in making an arrest, and the person to be arrested shall not be subjected to any
greater restraint than is necessary for his detention.
SEC. 1. Time of Arrest – As a general rule, arrests may be on any day at
any time of the day or night.
SEC. 2. Modes of Arrest – An arrest may be made by virtue of a Warrant
of Arrest, or without a warrant as hereinafter provided.
SEC. 3. Execution of Arrest – The head of the office to whom the
warrant of arrest has been delivered for execution shall cause the warrant to be
executed within ten (10) days from receipt. Within ten days after the expiration of
such period, the officer to whom it was assigned for execution shall make a report
to the judge who issued the warrant and, in case of his failure to execute the same,
shall state the reasons therefore.
SEC. 4. Arrest by Virtue of a Warrant of Arrest –
a. it shall be the duty of the officer executing the warrant to arrest
the accused without unnecessary delay and deliver him to the
nearest police station or jail.
b. When making an arrest by virtue of a warrant the officer shall
inform the person to be arrested of the cause of the arrest and
of the fact that a warrant has been issued for his arrest, except
when he flees or forcibly before the officer has the opportunity
to so inform him or when the giving of such information will
imperil the arrest. The officer need not have the warrant  in his
possession at the time of the arrest but after the arrest, if the
person arrested so requires the warrant shall be shown to him
as soon as practicable.
SEC. 5. Arrest Without a Warrant; When Lawful – A peace officer or
a private person may, without a warrant, arrest a person:
a.    when in his presence, the person to be arrested has committed,
is Actually committing, or is attempting to commit an offense;
b.  When, an offense has just been committed  and he has probable
cause  to believe, based on personal knowledge of facts or
circumstances, that the person to be arrested has committed it;
c.   When the person to be arrested is prisoner who has escaped
from a penal establishment or place where he is serving final
judgment or temporarily confined while his case is pending, or
has escaped while being transferred from one confinement area
to another.
SEC. 6. Duties of Arresting Officer in Case of Arrest Without a
Warrant –
a.   The arresting officer shall inform the subject or suspect, in the
dialect or language known to him, why he is being arrested,
and of his right to remain silent and to have a counsel of his
own choice, to be inform of his authority and the cause of the
arrest, unless the person to be arrested is then engaged in the
commission of an offense or is pursued immediately after its
commission or after and escapes; or flees or forcibly resists
before the officer has opportunity to so inform him, or when
the giving of such information will imperil the arrest.
b. The arrested person shall be delivered to the proper authorities
without unnecessary delay and within the time prescribed in
article 125 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended (12, 18, or
36, hours, as the case may be ).
c.   The person arrested without a warrant shall be delivered to the
nearest police station or jail, and shall be the subject of inquest
proceedings under Section 7, Rule 112 of the 2000 Rule of
Criminal Procedure.
d. If the person arrested without a warrant waives his right to
remain to silent under the provisions of Art 125 of the Revised
Penal Code and opts to give a statement and present evidence
for his defense, the arresting officer shall ensure that the waiver
made by the person arrested shall be in writing and in the
presence of his counsel of choice.
SEC. 7.  Physical of Arrested Person/ Suspect – Immediately after arrest
of person ordered arrested by the court, or of a suspect under investigation, he
should be subjected to a physical examination by a medico-legal officer or, in the
absence of such medico-legal officer, by any government physician in the area.
Prior to is release or any change of custody, the suspect shall also be physically
SEC. 8. Prohibitions – No torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, or
any other means which violates the free will shall be used against a suspect.
Secret detention places, solitary confinement (incommunicado) or other similar
forms of detention shall be prohibited.
SEC. 9. Record Check – The officer shall make a record check for the
possibility that the arrested person is wanted for crimes other that for which the
same was arrested.

SEC. 1. Search Warrant Defined – Ii is an order in writing issued in the
name of the People of the Philippines, signed by a judge and directed to peace officer,
commanding him to search for any property described therein and bring it before the
SEC. 2. Requisites for Issuance of Search Warrant – A search warrant
shall be issued only upon probable cause in connection with one specific offense to be
determined personally by the judge after the examination under oath or affirmation of the
complainant and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly describing the place to
be searched  and the things to be seized.
The following are the properties subject to seizure;
a. Properties which are the subject of the offense;
b.Stolen embezzled proceeds, or fruits of the offense
c. Objects including weapons, equipment and other items used or
intended to be used as the means of committing an offense;
d.Objects that are illegal per se in plain view.
SEC. 3. Applications for Search Warrant -  All application for search
warrant shall be approved by a duly designated officer. The application shall be recorded
in a log book. The application shall indicate the following data:
a.  Office applying for the Search Warrant;
b. Name of officer-applicant;
c.  Name of the subject, if known;
d. Address/place(s) to be searched;
e.  Specific statement of things/articles to be seized; and
f.  Sketch of the place to be searched.
SEC. 4. Authority Given to Officer in the Conduct of Search (Sec. 7 &
13, Rule 126 of the 2000 Rules of criminal Procedure as amended) – in the conduct of
search, if after giving notice of this purpose and authority the officer is refused
admittance to the place of search, he may break open any outer or inner door window or
any part of a house or anything therein to execute the warrant or liberate himself or any
person lawfully aiding  hi when unlawfully detained therein.
SEC. 5. Prohibited Acts in the Conduct of Search
a.House, rooms, or other premises shall not be searched except in
the presence of lawful occupant thereof or any member of his
family or in the absence of the latter, in the presence of two (2)
witnesses of sufficient age and discretion residing in the same
b. Lawful personal properties, papers and particularly described
in the search warrant shall not be taken.
SEC. 6. Validity of Search Warrant – The search shall be valid for ten
(10) days from date of issuance. Thereafter, it shall be void.
SEC. 7. Receipt for the Property Seized – The officer seizing property
by virtue of the warrant shall give a detailed receipt for the same top the lawful occupant
of the premises in whose presence the search and seized was made, or in the absence of
such occupant, shall, in the presence of at least two (2) witnesses of sufficient age and
discretion residing in the same locality, leave a receipt in the place in which he found the
seized property in the absence of the lawful owner.
SEC. 8. Valid Warrantless Searches and Seizures –
1. Search made incidental to a valid arrest. Moreno vs. Ago Chi, 12
Phil 439, 422 (1909) “An officer making a lawful arrest by virtue of a
warrant or under the doctrine of warrantless arrest may take from the
person arrested any money or property found upon his person which
was used in the commission of the crime or was the fruit of the crime
or which might furnish the prisoner with the means of committing
violence or escaping, or which may be used in evidence in the trial of
the case….”
2. Search of moving vehicles. Carroll V. United States, 267 U.S. 132,
153 (1925) says: “ the guaranty of freedom from unreasonable
searches and seizures is construed as recognizing a necessary
difference between a search of  adwelling, house or other structure in
respect of which a search warrant may readily be obtained and a search
of a ship, motorboat, wagon, or automobile for contrabands goods,
where it is not practicable to secure a warrant, because the vehicle can
be quickly moved out of the locality or jurisdiction in which the
warrant must be sought”
3. Seizure of goods concealed to avoid duties. Uykheytin V Villareal,
116 U.S. 746 (1886); Papa V Mago, 22 SCRA 857 ( February 28,
1968); Pacis V Pamaran, 56 SCRA 16 (March 15, 1974).
4. Seizure of evidence in plain view. Harris V United States, 390 U.S.
234, 236 (1968) says that any object “ falling in the plain view are
subject to seizure and may be introduced as evidence.”
5. When there is waiver of the right or there is consented. De Garcia
V Locsin, 65 Phil. 689, 694-5 (1938) says: It is well-settled that to
constituted a waiver of a constitutional right, it must appear, first that
the right exists; secondly, that the person involved had knowledge,
either actual or constructive, of the existence of such right; lastly, that
said person had an actual intention to relinquish the right” Thus, where
accused has voluntarily surrender his gun, he cannot claim illegality of
the seizure. People V. Agbot, 106 SCRA 325, 331 (L-376541, July 31,

SEC. 1 It is the conduct of processes, more particularly the recognition,
search, collection, handling, preservation and documentation of physical evidence to
include the identification and interview of witnesses and the arrest of suspect/s at the
crime scene.
SEC. 2. Upon receipt of a report/complaint of a crime incident, the
desk officer shall:
a. Record the time the report/complaint was made, the identity of the
person who made the report, place of the incident and a synopsis
of the incident.
b.Inform his superior officer or the duty officer regarding the report.
SEC. 3. First Responders – Any police who first arrives at the crime
scene and shall endeavor to protect and secure the same as follows:
a. Cordon off the crime scene with whatever available materials
like ropes, straws, human barricade, police line, if available,
b. Evacuate injured persons to the nearest hospital;
c.    Prepare to take the “dying declaration” of severely injured
person, if any;
d. Prevent entry/exit of persons within the condoned area; and
e.    Prepare to brief the investigators of the situation upon their
SEC. 4. Crime Scene Investigation Proper-
a. Receipt of Briefing and Designation of Command Post.
The team leader upon arrival at the crime scene
receives the briefing from the first responder and shall
immediately designate a command post which ideally
located adjacent to the scene where the evidence
custodian stays and receives the pieces of evidence
turned over to him for safe keeping by the other
evidence collectors.
b. Initiation of Preliminary Survey. The team leader
makes a general assessment of the scene, takes a
cautions walk-through of the crime scene, takes down
extensive notes to document important factors, and
establishes the evidence most likely to be encountered.
He then defines the extent of the search area, and
determines personnel and equipment needed, and
makes specific assignments. From his assessments, he
develops a general theory of the crime scene.
c. Preparation of Narrative Report. The team leader uses
the systematic approach in making a narrative report.
No item is too insignificant to record if it catches one’s
d. Documentation of the Crime Scene. The photographs as
soon as possible. The evidence collectors do not touch
or move any evidence once it is located until it has been
identified, measured, recorded and photographed,
sketches supplement the photographs. The best tool in
documenting the crime scene is the use of video
e. Crime Scene Sketches. A rough sketch is prepared
indicating the actual measurement of things with scale
and proportion observed and oriented to the North Pole.
All necessary information are placed in the sketch.
f. Detailed Search. The search for physical evidence is
done using the accepted methods of search depending
upon the actual location to be searched.
g. Collection of Physical Evidence. The team leader is
always informed of significant evidence located. The
evidence collector shall put his initial, location and date
of collection on the item and turn it over to the evidence
custodian for documentation and safekeeping.
In cases where the evidence encountered needs
special processing due to significant or sensational cases,
the Scene of the Crime Operation (SOCO) specialists of the
Crime Laboratory shall be requested.
h. Conduct of Final Survey. The team leader makes a final
review of the crime scene to determine whether or not
the processing has been completed.
i. Release of the Crime Scene. The release of the crime
scene shall be done if the investigator is satisfied that
all pieces of evidence have been recovered. Thus, the
investigator must evaluate the items recovered from the
results of interrogation of the suspects and the interview
of the witnesses. He must bear in mind that upon the
formal release of the crime scene to the proper
authority, a warrant is already required for his re-entry
to the crime scene.
SEC. 5 . Conduct of Interview- While the crime scene is being
processes, the team leader shall designate other members to look for witnesses and
immediately conduct interview. The assigned investigator shall jot down important facts
for future reference.
SEC. 6. Arrest of Suspect/s-  Upon arrival at the crime scene, the team
leader shall endeavor to arrest the suspect/s if he is still at the crime scene or the first
responder did not arrest the suspect/s. The suspect/s shall be secured and shall be
separated from the other witnesses.

SEC. 1 Scope of Undercover Operations- Undercover operations shall
involve the collection of information to support investigative law enforcement action,
counter-intelligence operations, and other management usage.
SEC 2. Usage of Information Obtained from Undercover Operations-
Information obtained from undercover operations shall be treated only as “lead” for
further case build-up or to serve as basis for further evidence-gathering to substantiate
specific indictable legal case or cases against the suspect or suspects, and therefore, in no
uncertain terms shall it be used or considered as evidence in court nor a cause for any
immediate active law enforcement action.
SEC. 3. Mission Orders- All personnel on undercover operations shall
carry at all times mission orders/slips duly approved by their immediate supervisors and
filed appropriately with their respective offices.
SEC. 4. Restriction- Undercover operatives on mission shall confined
their operations to the specific case(s) assigned to them.
SEC. 5. After-Mission Report- The undercover operation shall submit
immediately his report upon completion of mission.

SEC. 1. Custodial Investigation- Custodial investigation shall refer to the
stage where the investigation conducted by law enforcers is no longer a general inquiry
into an unsolved crime and has begun to focus on a particular suspect who had been taken
into custody by law enforcement officers who carry out a process of interrogation that
lends itself to eliciting incriminating statements. It shall also refer to instances when
suspect is taken into custody or otherwise deprived of his/her freedom of action in any
significant manner. Custodial investigation shall also include any questioning or probe
involving a person “invited” by a law enforcement officer in connection with an offense
he/she is suspected to have committed.
It is the investigation of a suspect arrested without a warrant; as such the
police is duty-bound to file a case against him within the reglementary period, strictly
adhering to his constitutional rights as hereinafter provided.
SEC. 2. Rights of the Suspect under Custodial Investigation- The
following rights of the arrested person shall be observed by the investigator during
custodial investigation as embodied under RA 7438. The suspect shall be appraised of his
right (Miranda Doctrine), to wit:
a. That he has the right to remain silent;
b.That if he waives his right to remain silent, anything he says
can be used in evidence for or against him in court;
c. That he has the right to counsel of his own choice; and that if
he cannot afford one, he shall be provided with an
independent and competent counsel; and
d.That he has the right to be informed of such right.
SEC. 3 Waiver- In the event that the suspect waives his right under Art
124 of the RPC, such waiver must be made in writing and duly signed by him and by the
counsel of his own choice or by a competent and independent counsel provided for him if
he can not afford one.
SEC. 4. Detention- Detention prisoner/s shall be locked up as may be
necessary to secure his safety and prevent his escape.
SEC. 5. Transporting Detention Prisoner-
a. If transported by jeep, the subject must be seated in the right
rear seat and one PNP escort personnel shall sit at the rear on
the left side facing the subject. Secure hands of subject under
his knees.
b. If transported by sedan, subject must be seated on the left rear
seat and the PNP escort personnel shall sit on the right rear
seat. Hands of the subject should be secured under his knees.
c.  In no case should a Detention Prisoner be transported using
public utility land vehicles that are not exclusively rented for
the purpose.
d.In no case shall a high-risk Detention Prisoner be transported
without proper escort and restraining devices.
e. Female and juvenile delinquent detainees shall not be
transported in handcuffs, but only with necessary restraint
and proper escort, preferably aided by a female personnel.
f. In no case shall a Detention Proper be allowed out of the
Detention Cell without the proper personnel escort.
g.Transport and escort of Detention Prisoner shall be limited
only from the detention cell to the proper court for inquest or
hearing or to the nearest Hospital or Clinic in case of the
mandatory medical examination prior to detention of during
actual medical emergency or in court-permitted transport.
h.In no case shall a Detention Prisoner be allowed travel and
escort outside the detention cell to places devoted for
recreation, worship, entertainment meals and dining and
others of similar and analogous description.
i. Detention Prisoner shall as much as possible be transported in
detention prisoner uniform or proper attire that may identify
him/her as a detention prisoner.
SEC. 6. Monitoring of Cases- An investigator’s job does not end upon
the filing of the case with the prosecutor’s office. It is imperative that the case be
continuously monitored up to its final resolution.
SEC. 7. Media Presentation/Press Conference-  Presentation of arrest
persons before the media or the conduct of press conference in connection with such
arrest shall be done only on the following instances:
a. When the arrest is by virtue of valid warrant;
b.When the arrest is made “en flagrante delecto” or caught in the
act and the crime committed is heinous. In short, arrested
persons for minor crimes even if caught in the act may not be
presented before the media.
c. In cases of warrantless arrest, presentation before the media of
arrested persons under this category shall be done only after
such arrested person shall have been established by the
investigating prosecutor or judge, as the case maybe; and
d.When the arrest is incidental to the service of a valid search
warrant issued by a competent court.

SEC. 1. Inquest Proper-  Shall refer to an informal and summary
investigation conducted by a public prosecutor in the criminal cases involving persons
arrested and detained without the benefit of a warrant issued by the court for the purpose
of determining whether or not said persons should remain under custody and
correspondingly be charged in court.
Where the detained person does not opt for a preliminary investigation or
otherwise refuses to execute the required waiver, the investigator shall proceed with the
inquest by submitting the suspect before the inquest prosecutor to include sworn
statements/affidavits of the complainant and the witness/es and other supporting
SEC. 2. Presence of Detained Person-  The presence of the detained
person who is under custody shall be ensured during the inquest proceedings except
under the following circumstances:
a. If he is confined in a hospital;
b.If he is detained in a place under maximum security;
c. If production of the detained will involve security risk; or
d.If the presence of the detained person is not feasible by reason of
age, health, sex and other similar factors.

SEC. 1. Applicable Legal Parameters- The pertinent provisions of the
Public Assembly Act of 1985 (Bats Pambansa Blg 8500), the Labor Code of the
Philippines, as amended and other applicable laws, shall be observed during rallies,
strikes, demonstrations or other public assemblies. Accordingly, law enforcement agents
shall, at all times, exercise maximum tolerance. In case of unlawful aggression, only
reasonable force may be employed to prevent or repel it. The employment of teargas and
water cannons shall be made under the control and supervision of the Ground
Commander. No arrest of any leader, organizer, or participant shall be made during the
public assembly, unless he violates any pertinent law as evidence warrants.
SEC 2. General Policy –
a. The involvement of PNP personnel during strikes, lockouts and labor
disputes in general shall be limited to the maintenance of peace and
order, enforcement of laws, and implementation of legal orders of the
duly constituted authorities.
b. Whenever the assistance of the PNP is necessary, elements of the local
police force should be called upon to render assistance. Such request
for assistance shall be addressed to the Regional Director, National
Capital Regional Police Office or the Police Regional Offices. Unless
directed by the President or personally by the chairman of the National
Police Commission upon consultation with the Secretary of Labor and
Employment or when requested by the latter, personnel from the
Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) shall not intervene nor be
utilized in any labor dispute.
c. Insofar as practicable, no officer of the law shall be allowed to render
services in connection with a strike or lockout if there is question or
complaint as regards his relationship by affinity or consanguinity to
any official/leader of the parties in the controversy or if he has
financial or pecuniary interest therein.
d. A peace-keeping detail shall be established in the strike or lockout area
when requested by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)
or as the Regional Director, National Capital Regional Police Office,
City Police Office/Provincial Director, may deem necessary for the
purpose of maintaining peace and order in the area.
e. Personnel detailed as peace-keeping force in strike or lockout areas
shall be in uniform, with proper nameplates at all times. They shall
exercise maximum tolerance and shall observe courtesy and strict
neutrality in their dealing with both parties in the controversy, bearing
in mind that the parties to the labor dispute are not their adversaries
but their partners in the quest for industrial peace and human dignity.
As much as possible, they shall not inflict any physical harm upon
strikers and/or picketers or any person involved in the strike/lockout.
When called for by the situation or when all other peaceful and non-
violent means have been exhausted, la enforcers may employ as a last
resort only such means as may be necessary and reasonable to prevent
or repel an aggression.
SEC 3. Peace-keeping – The peace-keeping detail shall not be stationed
in the picket (or confrontation line) but should be stationed such that their
presence may deter the commission of criminal acts or any untoward
incident from either side. The members of the peace-keeping detail shall
stay outside a 50-meter radius from the picket line. In cases wherein the
50-meter radius includes a public thoroughfare, they may station
themselves in such public thoroughfare for the purpose of insuring the free
flow of traffic.
SEC 4. Additional Instructions-
a. Except as provided in these guidelines, the matter of
determining whether a strike, picket or lockout is legal or not
should be left to DOLE and its appropriate agencies. PNP
elements are enjoined from interfering in a strike, picket or
lockout, except as herein provided, for the sole reason that it
is illegal.
b. No personal escort shall be provided to any of the parties to
the controversy unless so directed by the competent
authority. Whenever escorts are to be provided to any, the
other party shall be informed accordingly. All escort shall be
in uniform at all times.
c.    During the pendency of a strike/lockout, the police and
military personnel concerned are discouraged from the
socializing with any of the parties involved in the
d.   Liaison shall be established and maintained with the
representatives of DOLE, management and the union in the
strike/lockout area for the purpose of maintaining peace and
order, as well as to maintain a continuing peaceful dialogue
between the parties to the strike/lockout.  If possible, a
monthly meeting between the representatives of the PNP,
NAPOLCOM, DOLE and concerned sectors shall be
conducted to assess and monitor compliance with and
implementation of the guidelines.

SEC. 1. Peace-keeping Detail -  The peace keeping detail shall be
stationed in the picket (or confrontation line) in such a manner that its presence may deter
the commission of criminal acts from either side.  The members of the peace-keeping
detail shall position themselves outside a 50-meter radius from the picket line.  In cases
wherein the 50-meter radius includes a public thoroughfare, they may station themselves
in the public thoroughfare for the purpose of insuring the free flow of traffic.
SEC. 2. Service of Lawful Orders or Writ-
a. The service of DOLE, court, or other lawful orders or writs
or writs is the primary concern of the DOLE representative,
sheriff, and representative of the government agency
issuing the order, respectively.  The role of the PNP, AFP,
and Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) is only supportive.
Only when specifically stated and requested in the order or
writ shall the PNP enforce such orders or writs, subject to
the provisions of paragraph 3 hereof.
SEC. 3. Prohibited Socializing – During the pendency of a strike or
lockout, the police and military personnel concerned are discouraged from socializing
with any of the parties involved in the controversy. These personnel shall not, under any
pretext, accept any invitation from management personnel or union officials or personnel
involved in the controversy.
SEC. 4. Liaison -    Liaison shall be established and maintained with
representatives of DOLE, management, and the union in the strike or lockout area for the
purpose of maintaining peace and order and a continuing peaceful dialogue between the
parties to the strike or lockout.
SEC. 5. Prohibited Labor Activities- No public official or employee,
including officers and personnel of the PNP, shall:
a. bring in, introduce or escort, in any manner, any individual who
seeks to replace strikers in entering or leaving the premises of a
strike area or
b. work in place of the strikers.

SEC 1. Role of the PNP in the Enforcement of a Demolition Order-
a. Police Assistance in the enforcement or implementation of a
demolition or injunction order shall be granted only upon a
written request of the Sheriff or authorized representative and
accompanied by a valid order issued by a competent court
and/or with written permission from the Presidential
Commission for Urban Poor. Moreover, said police assistance
shall be coordinated and cleared with the concerned mayor
before its enforcement.
b.The duties of PNP personnel in any demolition activity shall be
limited to the maintenance of peace and order, protection of
life and property, enforcement of laws and legal orders of duly
constituted authorities, and to perform specific functions
prescribed by law.
c. PNP personnel tasked to provide police assistance shall be in
proper uniform and will be led by an officer during the actual
and legal relocation phase. They shall be limited only to
occupying the first line of law enforcement and civil
disturbance control; shall not participate in the physical
dismantling of any structure subject of eviction or demolition;
and shall refrain from the use of unnecessary and unreasonable
SEC 2. Procedures in the Enforcement of a Demolition Order-
a. PNP personnel should be informed of the prevailing situation,
their tasks, strict observance of Human Rights, and the
appropriate provisions of the POP.
b.All police assistance rendered shall be officer-led, if possible by
the Chief of Police who has jurisdiction over the area and who
should be present during the demolition activity.
c. Police assistance shall be rendered only to the affected parties.
d.All personnel involved shall be in complete uniform and shall
desist from the use of any violence or any actuation that may
harm, harass, or terrorize the affected parties.
e. The mode of participation shall be strictly to maintain peace and
order during the entire demolition/ejectment activity, ensuring
the protection of all parties from harm and injury.
f. The deployment of tear gas and water cannon shall be applied
only as a last resort, when all other peaceful and non-violent
means have been exhausted, and shall be made under proper
advice and command of a responsible or superior police
g.All arrests made during the operation shall be investigated by the
Station which has jurisdiction over the area.
h.The Unit or Station concerned shall render situation reports every
two (2) hours during the demolition operation followed by a
written report after a demolition activity, for reference of
higher HQs.

SEC. 1. Authority to Establish Checkpoints-  The establishment of
permanent checkpoints must always be authorized by the PNP and manned by uniformed
PNP personnel assigned in the area. Other units directly involved in an operation may
establish mobile checkpoints in coordination with the Commander of the Unit/Station in
the area.
SEC 2. Requirements-
a. Only mobile checkpoints are authorized and they shall be
established only in conjunction with ongoing operations. Only
official and marked vehicles shall be used in establishing
mobile checkpoints.
b.Checkpoints may be established when there is a need to arrest a
criminal or fugitive from justice.
c. The conduct of searches, seizures, and arrests in checkpoints
shall be done with civility and with due respect to innocent
passer-by, commuters or bystanders.
d.The area where the checkpoints shall be established must be
properly lighted and legible and clear signs shall be exhibited
to show that searches are being conducted.
e. Enforcement officers manning the checkpoints shall be in proper
uniform at all times with their identification cards and
nameplates on.
f. Personnel manning checkpoints shall always be led by an Officer
with the rank of Police Inspector at least.
g.Checkpoint personnel shall not mulct, extort, or harass drivers,
passengers, traders, etc.
SEC 3. Procedures to be Followed When Checkpoints are Ignored-
When checkpoints are ignored, the following shall be observed:
a. In the event that checkpoints/roadblocks are ignored and the
motorist/suspects bump the roadblock in an attempt to elude
arrest or avoid inspection, the team leader shall immediately
contact adjacent units to inform them of the situation and
immediately conduct dragnet operation, while those at the
checkpoint shall pursue the errant fleeing motorist.
b.Warning shots shall be discouraged due to the confusion it may
create for the driver and passengers of the vehicle. Megaphone
or police sirens shall be used instead during the pursuit. The
plate number of the vehicle shall be noted and given to other
units in adjacent areas to prevent the possibility that the vehicle
may elude the pursuit operation.
c. In the event that the occupants of the vehicle open fire on the
personnel manning the checkpoint, reasonable force to
overcome the suspects aggression may be employed.
SEC 4 Limitation of Searches at Checkpoints- Searches made at check
or checkpoints shall be limited to visual search and neither the vehicle nor the occupants
shall be subjected to physical search. An extensive search may be allowed only if the
officers conducting the search have probable cause to believe that they would find
evidence pertaining to the commission of a crime in the vehicle to be search and there is
no sufficient time to secure a valid warrant.
SEC 5. Flagging Down or Accosting Vehicles While in Mobile Car-
This rule is a general concept and does not apply in hot pursuit situations. The Mobile
Car Crew shall undertake the following, when applicable:
a. Call the headquarters and inform it of the make or type and
plate number of the motor vehicle to be accosted including
the number and, if possible, identity of occupants;
b. State the reason(s) for flagging the suspected motor vehicle;
c. Give mobile car location and direction (heading) before
making actual intervention;
d. Try to get side-by-side with the suspect and check the
occupants without alarming them of your purpose. You can
even overtake them and wait for them at your chosen location
before stopping their vehicle;
e. Determine whether the suspects are hostile or not;
f. Make known to the suspect(s) that you are after them through
the siren or megaphone;
g. Instruct the driver to pull over or stop on the side of the
h. Park behind the suspect’s vehicle at a discreet distance and
cautiously approach the vehicle on the driver’s side;
i. If the vehicles window heavily tinted and the occupants
cannot be seen, instruct the driver to open all windows to
have a clear view of the interior of the vehicle;
j. Instruct the driver to turn off the ignition, if this was not done
when he stopped;
k. The other members of the team must be on guard for any
eventuality while the vehicle is being approached.
l. Talk to the driver in a most courteous manner and inform him
of the nature of his violation. Demand to see the driver’s
license, photocopies of the certificate of registration and the
official receipt. Examine these documents and counter-check
the driver on the information reflected herein;
m. If it concerns traffic violations, immediately issue a Traffic
Violation Receipt (TVR). Never indulge in prolonged,
unnecessary conversation or argument with the vehicle’s
n. In cases of other violations that require the impounding of the
vehicle, inform the driver regarding this situation and instruct
him to follow you, after issuing the TVR; and
o. Before moving out, inform Headquarters regarding the
situation/status and disposition of the person and motor
vehicle accosted.
SEC. 6. Dealing with Hostile Situation – The following are the
procedures to be followed in dealing with hostile drivers:
a.  Stopping Vehicles
1. Follow the procedure stated from (a) to (c) of Section 5;
2. Immediately request for back-up;
3. Follow the suspect and always keep him within visual
4. Expect that the suspect will notice your action at any time.
Be prepared for a car chase or actual hostile confrontation;
5. If the back-up is already in the vicinity, inform
Headquarters that you are proceeding to accost the suspect;
6. Inform the suspects that you are after them through the
siren or megaphone and instruct the driver to pull over or
stop on the side of the street;
7. Park at a discreet distance behind the suspect’s vehicle;
8. While the vehicle is being approached, the other members
of the crew and back-up must be on guard for any
eventuality. Overreactions should be avoided;
9. If the vehicle’s windows are heavily tinted and the
occupants cannot be seen, instruct the driver to open all
windows for a clear view of the vehicle’s interior;
10. Direct the driver and other occupants of the vehicle not to
make unnecessary movements and to show their hands
outside the car;
11. Instruct the driver to turn off the ignition and toss the key to
the ground. Demand to see the Driver’s license and
photocopies of the vehicle’s certificate of registration and
the official receipt. Examine the documents and counter-
check the driver on the information reflected therein; and
12. If there are other suspects aside from the driver, separate
them from one another.
b.  Fleeing Vehicles
1. In the event that the motor vehicle did not stop despite the
warning given, inform Headquarters so that roadblocks can
be put up.
2. When the vehicle of the suspect is cornered or stopped,
instruct the driver and other occupants in a clear and
commanding voice to follow specifically what you will
require of them. Failure on their part to follow will be
construed as a hostile act on their part. Execute instructions
on the use of reasonable force.
3. Instruct the driver to open his door and to put his foots out
of the vehicle, followed by his hands to be placed on top of
the vehicle, or to move towards you with his hands up.
4. Instruct other occupants of the vehicle, if any, to come out
one by one, as what the driver has done.
5. Arrest and handcuffs the suspect and bring them to
Headquarters for proper disposition.
6. Before moving out, inform Headquarters about the
situation, status and disposition of the suspects and motor
vehicle accosted.

SEC. 1.  General Guidelines –
The PNP units tasked to maintain peace and order shall not
interfere with the holding of public assembly after verification that the
permit for such purpose has been issued by the local government unit
concerned. To ensure public safety, a Civil Disturbance Management
(CDM) contingent under the command of a Police Commissioned Officer
with the rank of Police Senior Inspector or higher shall be detailed and
stationed at least 100 meters away from the place where the public
assembly is being held. In the absence of any permit from the LGU
concerned, the PCO in command should exert effort to persuade the
demonstrators to disperse peacefully and vacate the public place. In case
of lightning rallies or demonstrations, orderly dispersal should only be
resorted to, including the apprehension of those responsible therefore, in
case of resistance after an exhaustive dialogue for voluntary dispersal has
SEC.2.  Specific Guidelines –
1. When their assistance is requested by the leaders or
organizers, it shall be imperative for the members of the
PNP CDM contingent, to perform their duties always
mindful that their responsibility to provide proper
protection to those exercising their right to assemble
peaceably and their freedom of expression are
primordial. Toward this end, the members of the PNP
CDM  contingent who deal with the demonstrators shall
be in complete uniform with their nameplates and units
to which they belong displayed prominently on the
front and dorsal parts of their uniform.
2. The members of the PNP CDM  contingent shall not
carry any kind of firearms but may be equipped with
baton or riot  sticks, crash helmets with visor, gas
masks, boots or ankle-high shoes with shin guards.
3. Tear gas, smoke grenades, water cannons, or any
similar anti-riot device shall not be used unless the
public assembly is attended by actual violence, or
serious threats of violrnce, or deliberate destructionof
SEC. 3. Dispersal of Public Assembly with Permit -
No public assembly with a permit shall be dispersed.  However, if an
assembly becomes violent, the police  may orderly disperse such public assembly
in the following manner:
1.  At the first sign of impending violence, the Ground Commander
of the PNP CDM contingent shall call the attention of the
leaders of the public assembly and ask the latter to prevent any
possible disturbance.
2. If actual violence starts to a point where rocks or other harmful
objects from the participants are thrown at the police or at the
non-participants or at any property causing damage to such
property, the designated officers/PNP CDM Commander shall
AUDABLY warn the participants that if the disturbance persists,
the public assembly will be orderly dispersed.  The CDM
Commander may also conduct a dialogue with the leaders
informing them of their actions and advise them to disperse
3. If the violence or disturbance prevailing or stated in the
preceding subparagraph does not stop or abate, the designated
Officer/Commander of the contingent shall AUDIBLY issue a
warming to the participants of the public assembly, through
loudhailers or public address system, and after allowing a
reasonable period of time lapse, shall immediately order it to
forthwith disperse.
4.  No arrest of any leader, organizer or participant shall be made
during the public assembly unless he violates any law, statute,
ordinance or any provision of Batas Pambansa Bilang 880 during
the assembly.  Such arrest shall be governed by Article 125 of
the Revised Penal Code, as amended.
5.  Isolated acts or incidents of disorder or breach of the peace
during the public assembly shall not constitute a ground for
SEC. 4.  Dispersal of Public Assembly Without Permit –
When the public assembly is held without a permit where a permit is
required, the said public assembly may be orderly dispersed.  Water cannons may be used
to disperse the crowd when the situation so dermands.
SEC. 5.  CDM Operational Tasks -
1. Isolate the area
2. Secure Likely targets
3. Control Crowds
4. Establish area control
5. Neutralize special threats
SEC. 6. CDM Operational Approaches -
1. The commitment of CDM personnel must be viewed as
a last    resort.  Their role, therefore, should never be
greater than is absolutely necessary, under the particular
circumstances which prevail.  This does not mean,
however, that the number of troops employed should be
minimized. On the contrary, the degree of force
required to control a disturbance is frequently inversely
proportionate to the number of available personnel.
Doubts concerning the number of troops required,
therefore, should normally be resolved in favor of large
numbers may prevent the development of situations in
which the use of excessive force is necessary.  A large
reserve of troops should be maintained during civil
disturbance operations.  The knowledge that a large
reserve force is available builds morale among law
enforcement personnel and contributes toward
preventing overreaction to provocative acts by
disorderly persons.
2. In selecting an operational approach to a civil
disturbance situation, the Commander and his staff
must adhere scrupulously to the “minimum necessary
force” principle, for example, crowd control formations
or riot control formation or riot control agents should
not be used is saturation of area with manpower would
3. Every effort should be made to avoid appearing as an
alien invading force and to present the image of a
restrained and well-disciplined force whose sole
purpose is to assist in the restoration of law and order
with a minimum loss of life and property and due
respect for those citizens whose involvement may be
purely accidental. Further, while control force
personnel should be visible, tactics or force
concentrations, any activity which might excite rather
than calm should be avoided when possible.
4. Consistent with the controlling principle that he must
use only the minimum force necessary to accomplish
his mission, the Commander arms his troops with rattan
sticks, shield, Kevlar helmet and handcuffs.
SEC. 7. Police Response in  Crowd Control –
1. During the Planning and Formative Stage
a.  Negotiate with demonstrators’ leaders
b. Police authorities send intermediaries
c.  Send Intel agents
2. During Initial and Peaceful Stage
a. Allow demonstrators to supervise themselves.
b. Allow private volunteers to supervise demonstrators
c.   A show of force by the Police
3.  During Riotous Stage
a.  Use respected civic leaders to appeal to the
rioters to disperse
b.  Use of police formations and arrests
c. Use of special types of less lethal   weapon and
d. Use of additional forces (security team/AWAT
e.  Use of AFP force – only as reserve
4.   During Violent Stage
a. Police should stand their ground to prevent
violent demonstrators from inflicting injuries
against any individual, damage to public and private
properties, and for their dispersal.
b. Use respected community leaders to persuade the
demonstrators to stop the violence and surrender.
c. Use necessary force as a last resort.
Post-Demonstration Stage
a. Withdraw main police force from the demonstrators’
b. Maintain force or presence in the area.

SEC. 1. Procedures to be followed in a Hostage Situation – The
following steps shall be undertaken:
a. A Crisis Management Task Group shall be activated
b.  Incident scene shall be secured and isolated.
c. Unauthorized persons shall not be allowed entry and exit to
the incident scene.
d. Witnesses’ names, addresses, and other information shall
be  recorded.  Witnesses shall be directed to a safe
SEC. 2. Ground Commander – There shall be only one Ground Commander in
the area.
SEC. 3. Negotiators – There shall be designated by the Ground Commander.  No
one shall be allowed to talk to the hostage-taker without clearance from the negotiating
panel or Ground Commander.
SEC. 4. Assault Team -  An Assault team shall be alerted for deployment in case
the negotiation fails.  Members of this assault team wear authorized and easily
recognizable uniform during the conduct of the operation.  Bonnets shall not be used.
SEC. 5. Assault Plan – The assault shall be planned to ensure minimal threat to
life for all parties.
SEC. 6. Support Personnel – An ambulance with medical participating elements
shall be consolidate efforts in solving the crisis.
SEC. 7. Coordination – Proper coordination with all participating elements shall
be done to consolidate efforts in solving the crises.
SEC. 8. Safety of Hostage(s) – In negotiating for the release of a hostage, the
safety of the hostage shall always be paramount.
SEC. 9. Procedures to be Followed during Negotiations – The following shall
be undertaken in the conduct of negotiations:
a. Stabilize and contain the situation;
b. Select the right time to make contact with the hostage-taker;
c. Take time when negotiating;
d. Allow hostage-taker to speak;
e. Don’t offer the hostage-taker anything.  What he will ask for will be part
of the negotiation;
f. Avoid directing frequent attention to the victim when talking to the
g. Do not call them hostages.  Be as honest as possible avoid tricks; be
h. Never dismiss any request from the hostage-taker as trivial or
i. Never say “NO”;
j. Soften the demands;
k. Never set a deadline; try not to accept a deadline;
l. Do not make alternate suggestions not agreed upon in the negotiation;
m. Do not introduce outsiders (non-law enforcement officers) into the
negotiation process, unless their presence is extremely necessary in the
solution of the crises; provided that they shall be properly advised on the
do’s and don’ts of hostage negotiations;
n. Do not allow any exchange of hostages, unless extremely necessary; in
particular, do not exchange a negotiator for a hostage;
o. Avoid negotiating face-to-face; and
p. Law enforcement officers without proper training shall not be allowed to
participate in hostage negotiations.

SEC. 1. International Conventions – These protocols are about civil aviation
safeguard against hijacking and acts of unlawful interference to civil aviation.
a. The Chicago Convention
The Chicago Convention which was participated in by 52 nations in
November 1944 at Chicago, USA, paved the way for the formation of the international
Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) purposely to ensure the safe and orderly growth of
international civil aviation throughout the world.
The ICAO officially came into existence on 4  April 1947 and thus
became the permanent body under the United Nations charged with the administration of
the principles and objectives of Convention.
b. The Tokyo Convention
The Tokyo Convention, also known as the Convention on Offenses and
Certain Other Acts Committed on Board an Aircraft, was signed in Tokyo, Japan on 14
September 1963  and came into force on 4 December 1969.  This was ratified by a total
of 124 states, including the Philippines.
The convention defined all acts which, whether or not classifiable as
offenses, may jeopardize the safety of an aircraft, the persons on board or property
therein, and such other acts which may jeopardize good order and discipline on board the
aircraft. It also enumerated and explained the powers of the aircraft commander in an
international flight, as well as the competence of signatory states to exercise Jurisdiction
over offenses committed on board an aircraft.
c. The Hague Convention
The Hague Convention, also known as the Convention for the
Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, was signed in The Hague, Netherlands on
16 December 1970 and came into force on 14 December 1971.  This was come ratified
by a total of129 states, including the Philippines.
Signatory states agreed to make hijacking punishable by severe
penalties, and to include it in the list of extraditable crimes.  Hijackers may be tried in the
country where the aircraft landed or where the aircraft is registered.
d. The Montreal Convention.
The Montreal Convention, also known as the Convention for the
Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, was signed in
Montreal, Canada on 23 September 1971 and came into force on 26 January 1973.
Signatory states were obligated to enact laws covering all acts of
unlawful interference with civil aviation and to provide severe penalties for any
e. National Legislations: Republic Act 6975-
Pursuant to section 35, paragraph b (7) of Republic Act 6975, the PNP
Aviation Security Command which was later renamed as Aviation Security Group
(ASG), in coordination with airport authorities, is tasked to; (1) secure all the
country’s airports against offensive and terroristic acts that threaten civil aviation,
(2) exercise operational control and supervision over all agencies involved in
airport security operations, and (3) enforce all laws and regulations relative to air
travel protection and safety.
SEC. 2. Standard Aviation Screening Procedures- One of the most important
aspects of aviation security is to prevent the introduction of firearms, weapons
and other dangerous devices into areas of the aircraft to which access may be
gained during flight. In order to achieve this, the inspection/screening of
passengers and their cabin baggage by ASG elements is mandatory.
Inspection/screening of passenger, cabin baggage, cargos and the aircraft may be
carried out through the use of metal detectors, X-ray machines, and other devices,
by manual search or by a combination of both. The following are the standard
inspection/screening devices:
a. Walk-through (gate-type metal detector)- Used as a means of determining if
passengers are carrying metal on their persons. Sensitivity can be adjusted for
alarms to be activated by different amounts of metal. To ensure effectiveness,
a calibration should be selected which is sufficiently sensitive to detection of a
firearm of a predetermined size. An alarm by the device is an immediate cause
for suspicion and increased alertness on the part of Aviation Security Group
(ASG) personnel assigned at the inspection/screening checkpoint. All
passengers shall be required to divest themselves of all metal items prior to
walking through the “Gate”. A passenger who causes the device to activate its
alarm shall be subjected to additional processing, such as manual search or
search with a hand-held metal detector.
b. Hand-held metal detectors- also called scanners, these are used in
determining the exact location of metal on a person who had earlier passed
through the “Gate” and triggered the alarm.
c. X-Ray Device- this equipment provides a means of inspecting/screening
baggage and other articles by enabling the operators to actually see firearms or
other dangerous devices. However, if the X-ray operator can not accurately
determine or identify the image viewed on the monitor, a manual inspection
must be conducted.
d. Frisking- this is the pat down inspection of the passenger’s body weapons,
explosives or other dangerous substances which maybe concealed. This is
done through manual frisking or with the use of hand-held metal detector.

SEC. 1. General Mandate. The PNP is mandated by law to support the AFP in
internal security operations (ISO). However, the PNP shall play an active role in
places were there are no AFP troops available, or when the President so directs.
SEC. 2. The PNP in A Support Role. PNP units involved in ISO in support of
the AFP shall:
a. Conduct sustained law enforcement actions against dissident Terrorists’
(DTs) atrocities;
b. Collect intelligence information on DT activities;
c. Conduct limited ISO, of a defensive nature, to flush DTs out of urban
areas. At all times, the PNP units concerned shall coordinate with the
AFP units in the area at the first opportunity.
d. Conduct investigation and prosecution of ISO-related cases.
SEC 3. The PNP in an Active Role.  In cases were there are no AFP units in the
area or when the President so directs, the PNP units concerned shall;
a.  Conduct search and destroy operations against DT strongholds and
b. Conduct intelligence operations to neutralize guerilla safe houses in urban
c. Conduct civil-military operations to dismantle the political machinery of
the CPP/NPA in the area.
SEC 4. Defensive Position. Police stations, especially those located in far-flung
areas, are favorite target to attacks. As such, security measures against DT atrocities must
be undertaken as follows;
a. Continuously remind all personnel to be extra careful and
security conscious  in their day to day activities and during
troop movements;
b. Vigorously implement added security measures in all police
stations and police kababayan centers, particularly those
situated in far-flung or isolated places which are vulnerable to
surprise attacks, raids or harassment by DTs;
c. Conduct continuous check and inspection of the operatio9nal
readiness of your field units/stations;
d. Always keep in mind the modus operandi, strategies and tactics
being practiced/employed by the DTs;
e. Refrain from injecting or deploying personnel/unit in
insurgent-affected areas without first conducting a thorough an
sincere threat analysis or evaluation, including social
background of the areas;
f. Re-train or re-orient personnel on back to basics training on
combat patrols, military/police intelligence, Police Community
Relations (PCR) and the like;
g. Intensify intelligence-gathering and counter-intelligence
operations to monitor or detect enemy plans and activities;
h. Intensify the conduct of covert and/or overt operations against
DTs who are acting as ordinary criminals/bandits and
i. Enhance the establishment of Advance Security Control Points
(ASCPs) to control the ingress and egress of people in police
stations; and
j. Exercise continuous vigilance and maintenance of law, order
and public safety in respective AOR through the conduct of
intensified police visibility patrols.

SEC 1. First Responder’s Procedure on Bomb threat- The purpose of
this rule is to establish the duties and investigative responsibilities of mobile units
responding to bomb threats, and other suspected explosive devices.
a. Upon receipt of information.
1. Determine the exact location of the establishment under
2. Instruct the security officer of the establishment to conduct
a bomb search while proceeding to the area.
3. Proceed immediately to the scene.
4. Alert Explosive Ordnance Demolition team (EODT) for
bomb search mission for emergency readiness before
5. Notify higher Headquarters of development.
b. Upon arrival at the scene:
1. Confirm the reported bomb threat; notify EODT to conduct
bomb sweep.
2. Cause a suspicious/suspected device search to be made by
persons familiar to the location.
3. Unless a device is found, personnel may not order an
evacuation of the affected area but may inform the person
in-charge of the property of the need to evacuate. Assist in
evacuation of personnel should it be necessary.
c. Do not touch, tamper with or disarm any suspected device,
explosive or ordnance.
d. If a suspected device is located/found, cause the evacuation of
at least 300 meters away, and maintain security for the
protection of  life and property.
e. Isolate the suspected device.
f. Report discovery of suspected device.
g. Do not permit radio transmission within the area.
h. Turn off all electricity and gas units within the
i. Secure the area and prevent people from approaching.
j. Establish traffic control.
k. Summon ambulance and fire trucks to the scene.
l. Await the arrival of bomb disposal team (EODT).
m. Conduct immediate investigation if the threat/crisis is over.
n. Determine the following;
1. Name of person who received the call; date and time the
call was made.
2. What were the exact words of person making the threats.
3. Reason for the threat.
4. Time and Duration of call.
5.  Voice characteristics of the caller:male or female; young,
middle-age, or old; tone;accent;etc.
6. identify of suspects, if known.
o. Assist in the conduct of investigation by responding units when
requested to do so.
p. Report incident to higher Headquarters.
SEC 2. First Responder’s Procedure in Case of Actual Bomb Explosion-
a. Upon receipt of report;
1. Identify exact location of the incident.
2. Alert EOD teams and direct to proceed to the area.
3. Notify higher Headquarters and request assistance of
medical personnel.
4. Proceed to the scene immediately
b. Upon arrival at the scene.
1. Cause immediate evacuation of the injured.
2. Direct occupants of building/establishment to evacuate
the area. Maintain order and control crowd.
c. Notify higher Headquarters of the situation.
d. Seal off location until EODT determines if a secondary device
e. Conduct rescue operations at the scene when necessary.
f. Initiate immediate investigation if investigators have not yet
arrived. Determine the following;
1. Time of detonation/explosion
2. Time call/bomb threat was received
3. Type of device
4. Other matters as in paragraph 1
g. Submit incident report immediately
h. Avoid issuing “Speculative” press releases or statements. It is
the job of the unit Commander or his designated spokesman.
SEC. 1 Computer Crime Response Defined- Computer Crime Response
is the actual police intervention in a computer crime incident where the acquisition of
matters of evidentiary value are traceable within the computer’s hardware and its

SEC 2. Do’s and Don’ts in Computer Crime Response-
a. When the computer is OFF at the time of arrival, do not turn it ON.
b. When it is ON, do not turn it OFF nor touch its mouse or keyboard.
c. If available, call for the Computer Incident Response Team (CIRT)
d. If CIRT is not available, the unplugging of the computer whether it is
ON or OFF at the time of unplugging should be done by pulling out
the cable directly from the back of the Central Processing Unit (CPU).
e. Each unplugged cable must be marked in the same marking
corresponding to the socket from where the cable was unplugged.
(Example: “Socket5” marked “A” and the “Cable End” also marked
“A”) The computer should be carefully handled and packed for
transport to the police station.
f. Only a computer forensic expert should search for any evidence
contained in the computer hardware.
g. The computer hard disk should be duplicated by the forensic expert
and the original should be kept by the evidence custodian for future
court presentation. Search and analysis shall be undertaken using the
imaged disk.

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

39 cops complete rescue training

MANILA, Philippines—The first batch of 39 policemen, who had just finished a five-day training on rescue operations, is now the National Capital Regional Police Office’s ready force to be pulled out any time from their assignments in times of disasters.

The policemen on Tuesday held a demonstration on how to save flood victims, at a lakeside community in Taguig City.

At the graduation ceremony in Lower Bicutan, Taguig City, one policeman with a lifeline around his waist swam in "floodwater" to save two men who feigned drowning by flapping their hands to signal danger. He had also successfully saved a woman marooned inside a wrecked house submerged in water.

Metro Manila police chief Director Roberto Rosales said the training, which included emergency medical action, rope training, water safety and survival, boat handling, was made in response to the onslaught of Tropical Storm “Ondoy” and Typhoon “Pepeng.”

“Last typhoons, our policemen were not fully trained for rescue operations but they were able to save lives and perform their duties,” Rosales said.
He said the NCRPO intended to train at least 20 percent of Metro Manila’s police force and upgrade its disaster response capability.

“What if the rescuer himself became the victim? It's much harder. That’s why we need to be prepared everyday,” he said.

The first batch of police rescuers were presented with actual scenarios usually encountered in disasters.
The graduates of the rescue training program and those who will be tasked to undertake search and rescue operation will be the first to use the newly-built 11 wooden boats and six rubber boats donated by private individuals to NCRPO.

Last month, Rosales wrote to some schools in Metro Manila that offer marine and maritime courses to help them conduct joint training for police personnel and civilian volunteers who may be tasked during calamities, particularly during onslaught of strong typhoons and massive flooding.

He also directed Metro Manila’s district directors to replicate the rescue training and organize their own pool of rescue volunteer brigades. Read the orginal article here

Sunday, November 1, 2009

DOJ expands free legal aid to cops

MANILA, Philippines – The Department of Justice (DOJ) has expanded the coverage of its program which provides free legal assistance to policemen who are facing charges related to their duties.
Under Department Circular No. 78 released last Friday, Justice Secretary Agnes Devanadera has tapped the Public Attorney’s Office (PAO) to include in the program, officers with the rank of Senior Police Officer 1 to Senior Police Officer 4.

The free legal assistance program for policemen sued in the line of duty previously only covered those with the rank of Police Officer 1 to Police Officer 3.

Devanadera said the program’s expansion was made “in the interest of the service and pursuant to the provision of existing laws.”

She also ordered PAO chief Persida Rueda-Acosta to come up with implementing rules and regulations (IRR) for the circular’s implementation.

In an interview, Acosta cited the program’s importance as it gives protection to policemen who she said, are prone to charges because of their duty to enforce the laws.

“In doing their job, some of these policemen would get counter charges in return. There are cases when they are just being harassed so we’re here to help them. Kawawa naman sila kasi ginagawa lang naman nila ang kanilang trabaho,” she lamented.

But Acosta stressed that policemen cannot expect help from PAO if the charges they are facing are not duty-related or if they are not indigent to qualify for free legal assistance.

The program started earlier this year when the DOJ ordered PAO to give free legal assistance to eight policemen involved in the Feb. 17 shootout in EDSA in Quezon City and accused in a rubout case. Read the original article here

Tuesday, October 27, 2009

The Making Of A Policeman

“The average citizen expects the policeman to have the wisdom of Solomon, the courage of David, the strength of Samson, the patience of Job, the leadership of Moses, the faith of Daniel, the diplomacy of Lincoln, the tolerance of the Carpenter of Nazareth, the kindness of the Good Samaritan, and finally an intimate knowledge of every branch of a natural biological and social science. If he possesses all these qualities, then, he might be a good policeman. This is often quoted and verbalized by August Volmer on the rigors of police work.
If this is the meter stick used for measuring the tailoring of a policeman then no one would like to dressed up in the police uniform.

The people who came from the different walks of life who encountered different situations with the man in uniforms identify a policeman as a composite of what all men are. A mingling of saint and sinners, dust and dirty. And what is policeman made of? He of all man is at one the most needed and the most unwanted, a strangely nameless creature who is “sin” to his face – and “pig” to his back. In an instant he must make decisions which require months for a lawyer. But if he hurries – he’s careless. If he’s deliberate – he’s lazy. The policeman must know every gun – draw on the run – and hit where it doesn’t hurt. He must be able to whip two men his size and half his age, without damaging his uniform and without being brutal. If you hit him – he’s a coward however if he hits you – he’s a bully.
What a predicament! And yet a policeman has to face all of these in his everyday life.

A distinguished criminologist and law enforcer administrator once pointed out “the community expects a police officer to have a mind of a lawyer, the soul of a clergyman the heart of a social worker, the discipline of an army sergeant, and the integrity of a saint. He must believe in a community of law, while seeing a lot of lawlessness; believe in the goodness of men, while seeing man most often at his worst; work in a community of men who resent his presence but depend on his faithfulness; know his jurisdiction like a sociologist, and he must understand people like a psychologist. He must take the long view of life like a philosopher.

And what is the view of the philosopher about men in uniform? The poor police officer was compared to a donkey and his life to a carrot…

It is said that the donkey walks forward if he is motivated. And the donkey is motivated by only two things: a stick on his backside or a carrot in front of his face. The donkey as you all know, does not only have a hard skin, he is also hard headed so they say just like other police officers.

The donkey will move in order to avoid the stick, it also moves in order to nibble the carrot. In the same way, a policeman takes orders from his superiors, if he did not obey, then he would get the stick, if he avoided the stick then he would not have the pleasure of tasting the carrot.

Philosophers refer to the stick as the symbol of pain. Man does not want pain and he will do anything to avoid it. And if he cannot avoid it – he is a weakling. On the other hand, philosophers refer to the carrot as a symbol of pleasure; Man will do anything and everything to acquire it. In fact he will sell his soul in order to derive and detain his pleasures and so they called it “The Carrot of Life…”

But the real reality of life is that images created in the minds of the people as far as police officers are concerned would have been comic were they not real. The police officers’ image could change given proper motivation and encouragement. Amidst the crises that policeman are facing, they still stand a chance. In a world of automation and cyberspace, many policemen still do not see the challenges of their jobs. Thus, they fail to excel. They are afraid to succeed, they are afraid to make their mark. This kind of helplessness makes life dangerously timid and meaningless. In short they view life as worthless. Not because of crises but there are just too many of them. And men in uniforms hurt too. For many policemen, life has become a boring routine, there is simply no sense for them to start again from scratch. They simply have lost the moral courage to build something uniquely good, true and beautiful.

Before we lay finger on them and judge them, let us try and understand the Police System, itself and the role of the Policeman.

A Policeman in his own unique way is expected to work 24 hours a day and put his life in the line if necessary notwithstanding the fact that he lacks the equipage: firearms, vehicles, radios and forensic equipment which causes a severe handicap in performing his job well. It is sad to note also that the policemen are among the lowest paid in our government bureaucracy. This is one of the unfortunate reasons why there is a never-ending incidence of the good cops arresting the bad cops who chose to deviate from the straight and narrow path of good public service. Adding insult to this injury is the consistent bashing and lambasting they get from the mass media day in and day out which somehow dampens the spirit of the police force.

It is in the light that “The Police 2000” was put into an Act. The PNP’s birth paved the way to an improved police service. The essence and purpose of the Police 2000 designed to streamline, modernize and to some extent reinvent the PNP to make it responsive to the changing times.

Briefly, Police 2000, as each letter connotes dwells on the PNP’s program to accomplish the following: Prevention and suppression of crimes through community oriented policing system, Order, maintenance, peacekeeping and internal security. Law enforcement without fear or favor. Image, credibility and community support, Coordination with the government agencies and Efficiency and effectivity in the development and management of Human and material resources. This is the vision of every Police which was put into test several times in the past and still in the present time, despite improvement in public perception, the PNP is still regarded by the public in the negative way as a protection of the people and guardian of public safety.

Admittedly, such public perception is unfair and unjust the majority of PNP personnel are honest, dedicated and hardworking public servants. They do not deserve this harsh treatment. Indeed, no amount of public denial on the part of the PNP will change the current public attitude. Neither will an organized media public campaign do it. I believe the best way to reverse the negative public perception is to counter it with credible performance.

Needless to say, if people and the community expect the Police officer to be peace agents then by all means, they must keep vigil and vigilance over them. They must also have a correct understanding and realistic expectation that a Policeman is not a superman, neither he is a Batman, nor an Atlas upon whose shoulders the world of cares and crutches rests. But rather the Police is like the element of water, He seeks his own level and cannot rise higher than its sources and these sources come in many forms. In short Great Policemen are not created in a day. They are products of caring parents, loving homes, responsible friends, concerned communities and great leaders for whom they follow orders in an effective system which is also affective and credible. A system that proclaim the truth, have the moral courage to embrace sanctity of life, sincerity of purpose, respect for others and unity with the whole. By then, we could still expect more men in uniforms, not just men, but Good Men In Uniforms.

Criminologists Exam passers